How To Calculate Carrying Value Of A Bond

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A current asset account that reports the amount of future rent expense that was paid in advance of the rental period. The amount reported on the balance sheet is the amount that has not yet been used or expired as of the balance sheet date. A current asset representing the cost of supplies on hand at a point in time. The account is usually listed on the balance sheet after the Inventory account.

After six months, you make the first interest payment of $45,000.The semi-annual interest expense is 4 percent of $1.041 million, or $41,640. You debit the bond premium by the $45,000 interest accounting coach bonds payment minus the $41,640 interest expense, or $3,360, reducing the premium to $37,640. Repeat the cycle nine more times — the book value ends at $1 million and the premium is gone.

Determine either the unamortized amount of bond premium or the unamortized amount of bond discount from your accounting records. A bond premium or discount is the amount bondholders either accounting coach bonds overpaid or underpaid, respectively, depending on market interest rates, to initially buy the bonds. The unamortized amount is the amount that is still in your accounting records.

A bond is a form of debt in which the issuer borrows money from investors, pays interest on the loan periodically or all at the end, and repays the loan when the bond matures. Several different costs arise from issuing a bond, but you must spread the tax deductions for these costs over the life of the bond.

In the example, add $1,500 in unamortized bond premium to your $10,000 bonds payable balance to get an $11,500 net carrying value. Determine from your accounting records the balance of your bonds payable account, which is the amount you would have had to pay on the bonds’ maturity date had you not retired them.

How To Amortize A Bond Premium Using The Straight

You don’t need a background in mathematics or accounting to calculate interest expense — it can be done in just a few simple steps. A current asset which indicates the cost of the insurance contract that have been paid in advance. It represents the amount that has been paid but has not yet expired as of the balance sheet date. A related account is Insurance Expense, which appears on the income statement. The amount in the Insurance Expense account should report the amount of insurance expense expiring during the period indicated in the heading of the income statement.

However, market interest rates and other factors influence whether the bond is sold for more or less than its face value. The premium or discount is amortized, or spread out, on financial statements over the life of the bond. The carrying value of a bond is the net difference between the face value and any unamortized portion of the premium or discount. Accountants use this calculation to record on financial statements the profit or loss the company has sustained from issuing a bond at a premium or a discount. In theequity method of accounting, the initial investment in the target company is recorded on the balance sheet.

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The straight-line method of amortization records the same amount of interest expense in each interest period. For each period until the bond matures, the balance in discount and bonds payable will decrease by the same amount until it has a zero balance. Using this method, by the time the bond matures, the carrying value will be equal to the face value.

This includes both the coupon payments made to bondholders plus or minus the premium or discount amortization. In order to properly report amortization, we will also need the know the amount of interest expense paid to bondholders over the same period. This is the amount of the coupon payment, based on a percentage of the accounting coach bonds par value. Calculate annual interest expense by multiplying the coupon rate, or interest rate, by the par value of the bond. Divide this number by two to get the semiannual interest expense.For the example $200,000 bond, the interest expense would be found by multiplying the coupon rate, 10%, by the par value, $200,000.

What Is The Face Value Of A Bond Payable?

  • Unless the discount, premium, and issue costs are insignificant, the amounts are to be spread to Interest Expense over the remaining life of the bond.
  • If the amount is material, or if a greater degree of accuracy is desired, calculate the periodic amortization using the effective interest method.
  • A less precise method is the straight-line amortization method, which is often an acceptable alternative.
  • If a discount or premium was recorded when the bonds were issued, the amount must be amortized over the life of the bonds.
  • If the amount is small, it can be calculated on a straight-line basis.
  • The most precise way to amortize these is to use the effective interest rate method.

In other words, expenses increase with increasing bond book values and decrease with decreasing book values. This logic appeals to accountants but the SLA method is easier to calculate. If deferring current income is your primary consideration, you might choose EIRA for premium bonds and SLA for discount bonds.

Between the date that a bond is issued and the date that the bond matures, the discount, premium, and/or issue costs must be amortized to the account Interest Expense. On the maturity date, the maturity value will be removed when the bond issuer’s $1,000,000 payment is made to the one or more bondholders. We also use bond to mean that a company purchases insurance to protect itself from dishonest acts by its employees handling money.

Premium On Bonds Payable Definition

In this example, the bonds sell for $735,000, but you receive only $710,000 in cash because the syndicate takes a $25,000 underwriting fee, and additional costs of $5,000 raise the total issue cost to $30,000. You record the sale with a debit to “cash” of $705,000, a debit to “debt issue costs” of $30,000, a credit to “bonds accounting coach bonds payable” for $700,000, and a credit to “premium on bonds payable” of $35,000. You amortize the bond premium and the issue costs every six months. The semiannual transaction to amortize the issue costs is a debit to “debt issue expense” and a credit to “debt issue costs” of $500, which is $30,000 divided by 60 periods.

The value of the investment is adjusted based on the percentage of profit or loss for the owner. Rather, dividends increase cash and reduce the value of the investment for the investor. For both bond premiums and discounts, the company will have to make an initial journal entry when the bonds are sold that records the cash received and the discount or premium given. In both cases, bonds payable will be credited for the total face value of the bonds.Using the previous example, with the company issuing $200,000 bond would record a $200,000 credit to Bonds Payable. When it is time to redeem the bonds, all premiums and discounts should have been amortized, so the entry is simply a debit to the bonds payable account and a credit to the cash account.

To illustrate the premium on bonds payable, let’s assume that a corporation prepares to issue bonds with a maturity amount of $10,000,000 and a stated interest rate of 6%. However, when the 6% bonds are actually sold, the accounting coach bonds market interest rate is 5.9%. Since the bonds will be paying investors more than the interest required by the market ($600,000 instead of $590,000 per year), the investors will pay more than $10,000,000 for the bonds.

Finally, bond issuers and specific bonds are rated by credit rating agencies. An issuer with a high credit rating is likely to get higher prices for a bond.

They would also credit Premium on Bonds Payable for the amount of the premium, $2,000. Credit the cash account for the same amount as the interest expense debit. For example, if a company enters a $40 interest expense debit the credit to cash must be for $40.


Know whether the bond sold at par, at a premium, or at a discount. To calculate the carrying value of a bond, you will need to know how much of the premium or discount has been amortized, which will depend on the time elapsed since the issue date.

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We would also credit discount on bonds payable for $200 and credit the cash account for $10,000. For a discount, there are also a credit to cash account for the amount of interest expense and a credit to discount on bonds payable for the amount of the amortization.

Equity Method

Normally, you use straight-line amortization, in which you divide the total costs by the number of years until the bond matures. Each year, you debit “debt issue expense” and credit “debt issue costs” for the annual amortization amount.

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